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Differing Views on Social Issues and assisting poor people

Differing Views on Social Issues and assisting poor people

Although the Catholic Church opposes abortion and marriage that is same-sex Catholics in Latin America are generally less conservative than Protestants on most of these social problems. An average of, Catholics are less morally in opposition to abortion, homosexuality, artificial method of birth prevention, intercourse away from marriage, divorce proceedings and consuming alcohol than are Protestants.

The distinctions between Catholics and Protestants of all of these dilemmas hold real even though accounting for quantities of spiritual observance. For instance, Protestants whom take part in spiritual solutions one or more times a week are notably prone to oppose abortion and breakup – and significantly prone to oppose homosexuality, intercourse away from marriage and alcohol consumption – than are catholics who attend mass at the least regular. 2 These differing views on social problems can help explain why numerous former Catholics who’ve become Protestants state they certainly were shopping for a church that “places greater value on residing a ethical life” (a median of 60%).

Over the area, both Catholics and Protestants generally state it really is incumbent on Christians to aid poor people in their communities, nevertheless they give significantly various responses on how to accomplish that objective. Whenever asked what’s the most way that is important might help the bad and needy, Protestants are far more likely than Catholics to point toward bringing poor people to Christ, while Catholics are far more likely to state that doing charity work with the indegent is most crucial.

Yet over the nations surveyed, a dramatically greater share of Protestants than Catholics state they attend engage in charity work – helping people find jobs, providing food and clothing for those in need or organizing other community initiatives to help the poor that they themselves or the church. (To get more details, see Chapter 6.)

They are among the list of key findings in excess of 30,000 face-to-face interviews carried out across 18 nations and Puerto Rico by the Pew Research Center between October 2013 and February 2014. The study encompasses the majority of Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations and territories extending from Mexico through Central America to the southern tip of Southern America. Due to fieldwork constraints and sensitivities linked to polling about faith, Cuba could never be included; it will be the only Spanish-speaking nation in Latin America which was not polled.

The study of Latin America is a component of a bigger effort, the Pew-Templeton worldwide Religious Futures task, which analyzes change that is religious its effect on communities all over the world. The international Religious Futures project is funded because of The Pew Charitable Trusts and also the John Templeton Foundation.

The rest of the Overview describes the main findings in increased detail and offers context that is additional you start with some evaluations with Hispanics residing in america.

Comparisons with U.S. Hispanics

Most of the major habits revealed by this study mirror trends found among U.S. Hispanics, in accordance with a 2013 Pew Research poll. The U.S. population that is hispanicnow roughly 54.1 million individuals) is bigger than the full total populace in every but two Latin American nations – Brazil (195 million) and Mexico (113 million).

Almost 25 % of Hispanic grownups in the us were raised Catholic but have actually since kept the faith (24%), while simply 2% of U.S. Hispanics have actually converted to Catholicism after being raised an additional tradition that is religious without any affiliation – a web fall of 22 portion points. The scale for this exodus is approximately on par with a few Latin US nations which also have seen steep decreases into the share of adults whom identify as Catholic, including Nicaragua (minus 25 portion points), Uruguay (minus 22 points), Brazil (minus 20) and El Salvador (minus 19).

Like their counterparts in Latin America, numerous U.S. Hispanics have gone Catholicism for Protestant churches. Protestants now take into account about one-in-five Hispanics in america (22%), approximately exactly like in Latin America (19%). In addition, a substantial wide range of hispanics in america (18%) describe their faith as atheist, agnostic or absolutely absolutely nothing in specific. This is certainly significantly more than double the portion of Latin US grownups (8%) who’re consistently unaffiliated.

Spiritual Affiliations of Latin People In The Us and U.S. Hispanics

Although Catholicism’s position that is historically dominant weakened in recent decades (see reputation for spiritual Change), it continues to be the majority faith across a lot of Latin America. Catholics constitute a majority that is overwhelming a lot more than two-thirds) for the adult populace in nine for the countries surveyed, ranging from 89per cent in Paraguay to 70per cent in Panama. these greatly Catholic nations, nevertheless, Protestants now are really a minority that is significant constituting almost 10% or even more of this populace in each country.

Catholics constitute between one-half and approximately two-thirds for the populace in five regarding the places surveyed: Chile, Costa Rica, Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. Likewise, 55% of U.S. Hispanics are Catholic.

In three central countries that are american El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua – about spiritual singles sorun half of this populace is Catholic, while roughly four-in-ten grownups describe by themselves as Protestant.

Uruguay is the only nation surveyed in which the portion of grownups whom state they’ve been religiously unaffiliated (37%) competitors the share who identify as Catholic (42%). In addition, 15% of Uruguayans identify as Protestant. (See Religion in Uruguay.)

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